In 1948, Warren Weaver described the problems of the mid twentieth century as those of "organized complexity" -- problems in which a "sizeable number of factors...are interrelated into an organic whole."

Evelyn Fox Keller calls information theory, cybernetics, systems analysis, operations research, and computer science all parts of "cyberscience." 

Although its origins are military, corporate, and electronic, she points out that their strategies for dealing with "the messy complexity of the postmodern world" are a response to the increasing impractibility of conventional power regimes. (Refiguring Life, p.86)